Social media in our society. The study is presented in the following manner: (1) Scope and Methodology of the Study, (2) Privacy and Social Media Policy in the Philippines, (3) St. Theresas’s College Cebu Case, (4) Filipino Perception of Privacy, (5) Analysis: Is privacy still present in social media? [8] The case stemmed from students of a Catholic school who were not allowed to participate in graduation exercise due to their provocative posts in Facebook. According to the Supreme Court, a member of the court cannot and should not have a public Friendster account as her position and stature limits her to what she can do on the Internet. In the Philippines, there is no specific and direct policy on social media privacy. They care a great deal when it comes to connecting with others. Facebook has been hounded by privacy blunders that netizens should be wary of what they post on the social networking site. 202666 of 2014. Many live in the “always available mode”. Do stay in contact with your students through the power of texts. 9779 (the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009), and libel, an offense under Section 355 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, also criminalizing them when committed using a computer system. [14], The right to privacy is a human right and an element of various legal traditions, which may restrain both government and private party action that threatens the privacy of individuals. Here—the dos and don’ts of social media for teachers. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. [12] As the Guardian reported, the researchers were able to infer “race, IQ, sexuality, substance use, personality or political views” from the data – and so could anyone else who wanted to. The very purpose of the Internet and the Web is to increase the accessibility of persons to information. There are nearly 2.8 billion active social media users globally, of which 2.5 billion can access their accounts on mobile devices, the study said. The public consultation on Administrative Order (AO) on Social Media Use of the Government has reached its last stop at the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) Auditorium, Visayas Avenue, Quezon City. If the State considers social media as public space subject to government regulation, it should also recognize and safeguard certain activities in online as an exercise of protected freedoms or as occurring within protected zones of privacy, and see to it that the prosecutorial arm does not unduly restrict this exercise. To cut through the social noise, you need to be aware of all relevant social media statistics in the Philippines. These include the right to control personal data disclosure, and the right to remedy in case this right is violated. The school acted based on the photos presented to them. The case stemmed from students of St. Theresa’s College who were not allowed to participate in graduation exercise due to their provocative posts in Facebook. The FGD with Cebu students revealed that lack of access to ICT/internet resulted to vulnerability of young people to privacy breaches. However, there are several laws including jurisprudence that deal with privacy in general and in relation to social media. Gender is important for understanding privacy in social media. The control over the contexts in which information is used should be emphasized because of the ease with which web content can be recycled or forwarded. According to her, it was the friends of the students who violated the privacy. T. (632) 7753 5584 The decision read that, “Without proof that they placed the photographs subject of this case within the ambit of their protected zone of privacy, they cannot now insist that they have an expectation of privacy with respect to the photographs in question.”, The decision of the court puts the burden of ensuring safeguarding privacy online users and expects them to exercise due diligence in their online dealings and activities. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The FGD targets young women social media user ages 10-18 years old due to the high prevalence of social media usage among these age group. For those living in urban poor communities or rural areas, their means of access are public Internet shops where they have to pay five pesos for every 10 minutes. Provisions related to privacy can be drawn out from Chapter Two of the Civil Code of the Philippines under Human Relations in which Article 26 states that, “Every person shall respect the dignity, personality, privacy and peace of mind of his neighbors and other persons.” Though not considered as criminal offense, it identified acts that can produce a cause of action for damages and other relief, and in which social media can be used as a medium and place of commission of the offense. In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution affirming that the rights held by people offline, must also be protected online. The era of social media has seen personal data collected everywhere and every time with many saying that privacy nowadays is an anomaly. Women and girls are punished for the act without understanding the interconnectedness of technology, privacy and violence against women. Traditionally, the right to privacy is concisely defined as the right to be left alone. Mercedes ... rather than learning through social media. One girl for example admitted she has over 4,000 Facebook friends but only 20% of them are known to her personally. Gender perspectives are significantly missing. Dr. Romulo Sisno, NONESCOST President who sits as chairman of the board of EPSTEMPCO and another coop based in the state college welcomed the idea. About five to eight years ago, happenings in the social networking site hardly ever make it on mainstream media but as we all know developments in social media have been fast and furious. Facebook as well has become a convenient way to stay connected with family members in distant provinces or abroad. Here are some points: Get in touch with your loved ones, relatives, and friends There are 60 million Facebook users in the Philippines and Filipinos spend the most hours on the social networking site, at 4 hours and 17 minutes daily, according to the HootSuite Social Management Platform. The law itself recognizes invasion of privacy as a criminal offense. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. GlobalWebIndex's latest social media usage report shows that more than 40% of people use social media platforms to keep in touch with friends, making this the top reason for social media use globally.. Everybody should have access to affordable Internet as this is a precursor to a person’s other rights such as right to information. Later, Atty. Social media websites contain an abundance of different information with millions of links to other resources. The second level is the conduct of focus group discussions (FGD) to gain understanding on social media usage in the country, and key informant interview (KII) to surface perspectives on privacy in social media. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The overview of the legal landscape of privacy in social media and the lived experiences of adolescent girls in the Philippines showed contrasting views on privacy online in the Philippines, it is either an anomaly or a human right. Use them wisely. A provocative topic that turned up in the training course came from Atty. STC legal counsel shared this view and justified their action to discipline the students as guardian of Filipino society’s moral. The same can be seen in the Philippines, where youth activism – as young people have the strongest presence in Philippine social media – have taken on to both literal and virtual streets. FMA is a nonprofit NGO in the Philippines seeking to democratize information and communication systems for citizens and communities. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. [1] For this paper social media or social networking sites refers to Facebook, Twitter, Tumbler, Instagram etc. It called upon all States to respect and protect the right to privacy in digital communication.[15]. Filipinos are using social media platforms 53 hours a week. However, some also talked about the harassment they suffered in using Facebook including violations of their privacy. There is a need too to conduct capacity-building on how law can catch up with new technologies. It can boost their name through the use of social media and help people to know the candidate they voted for. Women’s privacy is sometimes probed by others who implicitly assume that they should be more accountable for their private conduct than their male counterparts. [16] Women’s privacy online is often violated and policed due to imposed modesty and chastity and to ensure that ‘women stay in their place’. Escalante City, Negros Occidental – A visit to this northern city of Negros Occidental is always pleasurable because it offers a welcome respite from the hustle and bustle of metropolitan Cebu. The Constitution tries to provide provisions with regards to right to privacy under the Bill of Rights namely: (a) the right against unreasonable searches and seizures; and (b) the right to privacy of communication and correspondence. We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards. Women’s ability to take advantage of social media is dependent on enabling policies and environment that takes into account their lived experiences. (To be continued). In the Philippines, there is no specific and direct policy on social media privacy. In particular, it provides information on: responsibilities when communicating via corporate social media accounts; expectations of staff on individual personal and professional accounts; and expectations of students in relation to social media. It goes right away to one’s computer. A range of privacy policies can be found in the Constitution, Revised Penal Code, Rules of Court and Civil Code. Legal professionals themselves should take an effort to understand these new technologies so that they are better guided in their decisions. The paper highlights the Philippine Supreme Court’s decision on the case filed against St. Theresa’s College Cebu. For Filipinos, social media is a form of connectivity that serves as a means to establish and reinforce their relationships. A central challenge to governance is the need to strengthen data privacy and security measures that benefits women and allows them to better engagement online. As of this writing, there are more than 11 million Filipinos living outside the Philippines. Just as the introduction of the copy machine led to a few questionable copies and a few fired teachers, other means of disseminating a message widely, such as an ill-advised social media posting, can also bring trouble from school administrators and districts for teachers. The impact of social media can influence people in so many ways. The term hyper-sharing has been used to describe the rapid sharing and exchange of information in the use of social media. [9] http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/226/243, [10] http://pinoyspy.com/judge-ma-cecilia-austria-sexy-photos-on-friendster-account-tickles-congressman-padillas-fantasies/. The parents of the students in defense filed a petition for the issuance of a writ of habeas data and asked the court to order STC to surrender and deposit all soft and printed copies of the photographs, and to declare they have been illegally obtained in violation of the children’s right to privacy. He said, “The computer closes before I could log out. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Over 80% of the Philippine Internet population uses social media. Another girl said her photo was used without her consent in a Facebook contest called “Face-Off”, a game wherein two photos of girls are placed alongside each other and the girl with the most number of likes is declared as the winner or the most beautiful. Some said they add only people they know, either they have a close relationship with the person or know them by name. Under the law schools have some form of authority over the students more so if they are minors. What are the benefits a student can get by using Social Networking Sites? That gives one an idea why mainstream media’s ad revenues have been steadily declining in recent years. It also sets the parameters on when and on what premise data processing of personal information can be allowed with basic premise when a data subject has given direct consent. The Data Privacy Act of 2012 is an act protecting individual personal information in information and communications systems in the government and the private sector. We'll assume you accept this policy as long as you are using this website, JS11 – Human Rights and the Philippine Digital Environment, JS 22 – The Right to Privacy in the Philippines. For women, the first defense in protecting their privacy online is the awareness that both in an online and offline environment they are entitled to have their human rights respected, protected and fulfilled. The latest concerns over privacy stem from a Cambridge University-led study, which found that by “liking” Facebook groups or pages, users were unwittingly giving away far more about themselves than they realized. According to industry reports, Facebook and Google which owns Amazon have cornered as much “as 65% of the total advertisement spent or 90% of the industry annual growth rate in recent years”. KII with lawyers covers legal perspectives of privacy in the Philippines and their limitations when applied in social media. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/DigitalAge/Pages/DigitalAgeIndex.aspx, [16] WLB’s Unpublished paper on ICT, VAW and Sexuality, [17] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523. The elements of the crime are not well-defined, too vague and overboard that it endangers women’s sexual rights and freedoms. [8]Supreme Court Resolution, GR No. Cecelia Austria, Batangas Regional Trial Court Judge, whose profile picture in Friendster was deemed inappropriate for her profession as an officer of the court. That’s a whole 11 hours more than the global average of 42 hours! The numbers have been coming in: the Philippines has one of the highest penetrations in social media, preceding Australia and Indonesia. As a result, its impact may not be as transformative as policy makers and educators assert. However, one should question the extent of authority the school has over the students. It sets the parameters as to what is considered private and public in social media.[11]. These cookies do not store any personal information. The Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009 was passed as a response to the proliferation of intimate/private photos and videos, most notably of women, without their consent. PDF | On Mar 1, 2018, Muhammad Ahmed and others published Impact of social media on academic: A quantitative study | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate [2] Among the available social media platforms, Filipino online users prefer using Facebook over Twitter, Tumbler, Pinterest among others, with 92% having profile and with women as the most active users. Through Social Media, people has the chance to combine work and relaxation. However, there are several laws including jurisprudence that deal with privacy in general and in relation to social media. They have the freedom to do whatever they want – they can upload or download data, they can make new friends and comment on other people’s lives, and they can even create other online identities the real world does not allow. I’m writing this piece as Day 2 of the social media literacy program comes to a close. The Supreme Court issued a ruling saying that nothing is ever private on Facebook, even those tagged as private never really escape public viewing, including unintended audiences. Keywords: Media, media use, higher education, e ... cause the underuse of technology. A regular training on women’s rights, gender perspectives and women’s issues would be valuable in their legal practice as it would give them a nuanced understanding of women’s problems and concerns, therefore, it would result to better judgement. Despite increasing trend in Internet penetration in the country, many areas have limited or at times no access at all to Internet and broadband services. Like other studies of teenagers’ social media practices, they are even happy to overshare information online. In the context of social media this refers to a person’s selective control over who accesses his/her personal information, including contact information and personal communication, and control over the contexts in which the information can be used.[7]. Of that population, 76 million or 71% are active social media users. However, did you ever encounter the question. How do Facebook affect your life? The Philippines placed seventh, with 12 million new users, up 25 percent, and above the global average of 21 percent, the study said. [12] http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/mar/11/facebook-users-reveal-intimate-secrets, [13] http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/mar/12/privacy-facebook-lesbians-relax-online, [14] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523, [15] The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. There are precautionary measures women can exercise when engaging in social media such as keeping their passwords safe, checking privacy and security settings and making sure to log out of any accounts when finished surfing the net. UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES Bachelor of Arts in ... romanticize, and casually use words related to mental illness, the study showed that media—both traditional and new—can change this discourse and improve the mental health situation in the country. Social media has clearly upended traditional institutions that human organizations will have to adapt to these changes or they will perish. Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of Cebudailynews. Viral circulation of private pictures and videos is a common problem in social media along with unwanted comments, sexual solicitation, obscenity and stalking. Social media are created primarily for communication, often interpersonal communication. New technologies as well presented new legal challenges. Your social media accounts can make you a more inspirational teacher and a better colleague. Ian Vincent Manticajon of the University of the Philippines Cebu and Rachelle Nessia of the Public Information Agency 7. It is important as well that women are responsible social media users. According to some privacy lawyers, the Supreme Court’s decision contradicted a person’s rights to privacy and a dangerous precedent as well as it appears the court lacked understanding of the context and dynamics of social media interaction. Sample Social Media Policy POLICY This policy provides guidance for employee use of social media, which should be broadly understood for purposes of this policy to include blogs, wikis, microblogs, message boards, chat rooms, electronic newsletters, online forums, social networking sites, and other sites and services A Woman-Centered Privacy Policy and Legislation. The case of high school students from a Catholic school, who were not allowed to graduate or participate in graduation rites due to their alleged immodest posts in Facebook, is just one of the many examples. Twitter launched in 2006. The Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009. In some instances context aware applications force many into behavior that actually allows people to collect more information about them. This dual nature of online space is a fact, and a holistic policy should regard both: women’s rights in relation to ICT should be both protected from harm and promoted to enable women’s fullest exercise of their agency. They also post status about their relationship may it be with friends or romantic ones. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. But they can also make you the focus of a personnel investigation or unemployed. YouTube launched the following year, allowing people to post videos they made or found online. MANILA, Philippines — A recent flagship report on the latest trends in social media revealed that the Philippines is the leading country that spends the most time on social media globally. The concept of privacy is not, as we like to imagine, a universal one. A woman-centered perspective on privacy is necessary because only with such a perspective can we begin to evaluate how the proliferation of social media has affected the privacy predicament. The availability of multiple platforms for posting and re-posting information and the speed to which information is being shared has affected women’s privacy. Many joined or formed groups to keep each other updated of school activities and share common interest. This graph shows the stats of social media in Philippines based on over 10 billion monthly page views. It identifies the primary social media platform they use, their purpose of using social media, their activities, violations/harms they experience, and their awareness of the policy and terms of use. Mobile networks in the Philippines offer it for free as package for data plan or as an incentive for subscribing to their network. Idea why mainstream media ’ s intention of disciplining them is suspicious as well welfare the. 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With lawyers covers legal perspectives of privacy, e.g., permitting wiretapping investigation. And public in social media in two levels integrated with rather than interfering with students conduct., Revised Penal Code, Rules of Court and Civil Code to offer and. Internet population uses social media education and etiquette Act of 2012 was to! Prevention Act of 2007 was enacted to counter and manage terrorism in the social! The edited photo was circulated online and she started receiving demeaning comments to access. [ 15....

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