The Constitutional Framework for the Plural Executive Article 1, Section 4 of the Constitution of 1876 created the executive branch. Why did the Texas constitution establish a plural executive? The Texas Constitutional Convention of 1875 met in Austin with the purpose of replacing the Constitution of 1869- it was believed that the new constitution should restrict the state government and hand the power back to the people. Some of these offices are filled by appointment only. Why is Texas’s lieutenant governor considered the most powerful politician in the state? Texas Democrats gained control of Congress in 1873 and decided it was time to draft a new constitution for Texas. officeholders are elected independently of the governor. ... the Constitution of 1876, the plural executive, Click to see full answer This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages. Texas Govt. Like plural executive office holders, the Railroad Commission of Texas and the State Board of Education are also run by officials who are elected directly by the citizens of Texas. ... What statement about the various offices of the executive branch in Texas is true? The current officeholder is Sid Miller (R). One point of interest, however, concerns the chief executive’s power to veto bills passed by the legislature. The governor shares the executive function with. Article 4 of the Texas Constitution describes the executive department (branch) of Texas. The North Carolina Council of State, made up of the state's executive constitutional officers, does not make major executive decisions as in Florida, but does have control over state land. Below are some of the members of the Texas Plural Executive and their roles: Lieutenant Governor: Serves as the presiding officer of the Texas Senate, first in line of succession for Governor, member of the Legislative Redistricting Board, Chair of the Legislative Budget Board, elected to 4 years terms by the public with no term limits. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages. Which is the governor’s means of calling a legislative session specifically, addressing an agenda set by him that lasts no longer than 30 days; mainly to get certain issues of, What is the plural executive? Why have the relationships among members of the plural executive become more contentious in recent decades? Texas’ Executive Branch operates as a plural executive, meaning numerous elected officials, not just the Texas Governor, run the Texas Bureaucracy. The Executive Department of the State shall consist of a Governor, who shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the State, a Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Commissioner of the General Land Office, and Attorney General. Governor, Comptroller/Tax Collector (Estimates revenue) (Amended Nov. 7, 1995.) Chapter 6-The Judicial Branch (pages 174-201) Food for Thought “The judge does not make the Law. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. The 1850 amendment established a "plural executive" whereby the governor must share power with other popularly elected executives, in this case the lieutenant governor, state treasurer, comptroller, general land commissioner, and attorney general (designated an executive officer in 1869 and 1876). Dan Patrick is the current Texas Lieutenant Governor. New Hampshire has an executive council that performs many of the duties usually performed by governors. Whereas the U.S. Constitution creates a unitary executive that concentrates executive power in the president, the Texas Constitution creates a plural executive that disperses executive power across multiple elected offices, thereby fragmenting the executive branch of government and preventing power over the executive branch from concentrating in any one individual or office. How does the plural executive compare with the executive branch of government under, the U.S. Constitution? A) Texas was following the structure of the federal executive. All executive officers are elected independently except for the Secretary of State, making them directly answerable to the public not the Governor. Declaring special elections to fill vacancies in, certain elected offices. Is where the people elect everyone in the executive branch (In TX: people elect Gov and then the commissioners) How many elected offices are there in the plural executive? The executive branch is governed by Article V of the Arizona Constitution.. State executive organization. Texans elect six of the seven people who make up the plural executive: the governor, the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the land commissioner, the commissioner of agriculture, the comptroller, and the commissioner of the General Land Office. 1. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! The government of Texas operates under the Constitution of Texas and consists of a unitary democratic state government operating under a presidential system that uses the Dillon Rule, as well as governments at the county and municipal levels.. Austin is the capital of Texas. 2. Checks and balances: The Texas Constitution of 1876 placed limits on the governor’s, executive power. How does this compare with the executive branch of government under the U.S. Constitution? These officeholders are outside the control of the governor, thereby, limiting executive power and dispersing it, which serves as a natural system of checks, What is the plural executive? By allowing Texas voters to determine executive office holders, the executive power of the government is checked by the demand and approval of its citizens. Executives are elected separately of each other. Texas Democrats gained control of Congress in 1873 and decided it was time to draft a new constitution for Texas. D) It was necessary in order for the executive branch to be as dominant as possible. 1) What is the plural executive? Executive officials in Texas are part of a three-pronged government structure that includes state legislators and state judges. Richland Community College • SCI 1407-8002, Richland Community College • GOVT 2306 2306. ANS: Answers will vary. The Plural Executive 1. test 3.docx - Austin Ricketts Texas Govt Test 3 Chapters 8-10 1 Describe the most important formal powers of the Texas governor under the state, 8 out of 9 people found this document helpful, Describe the most important formal powers of the Texas governor under the state. 6. describe the structure of the modern Texas bureaucracy giving examples. Comparison with executive under U.S. Constitution: Unlike the president of the United States, the governor has no formal appointive cabinet through which to impose policy on governmental bureaucracy. The, people ordinarily elect others, but the governor must occasionally appoint individuals to fill, vacancies. Texas Plural Executive. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Fayetteville Technical Community College • POL MISC. Power was fragmented among other officeholders known as the, plural executive. This protects the executive from abusing power. DIF: Difficult REF: The Plural Executive OBJ: Identify the other elected officials who make up the plural executive STA: 4 MSC: Analyzing 7. Introducing Textbook Solutions. describe the structure of the plural executive and explain how Texas ’s history has shaped the plural executive. That means that most of the people who head the executive branch of Texas government have never had full control over it. Describe the ways in which the governor can influence the bureaucracy. The most important formal powers of the Texas Governor are: Signing or vetoing bills passed, by the Legislature. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Democrats. lieutenant governor, president pro tempore of the Senate, Speaker of the House, attorney general, chief justices of the 14 courts of appeals. Unlike the president and vice president of the United States. I t i s the people that make the Law. Texas Executive: Governor, Attorney General, Lt. This creates, in effect, a "plural executive." Delivering a report on the condition of, the state to the Legislature at the beginning of each regular session. Potentially rivals. Granting reprieves and, commutations of punishment and pardons, upon the recommendation of the Board of Pardons, and Paroles and revoking conditional pardons. Under the current constitution, most Texas governors have been _____. In Texas, the executive branch of government is highly fragmented. Texas Governor Greg Abbott also, receives another major form of checks and balances being commander-in-chief, this is the power, he carries which determines whether or not the Texas’ military gets involved in specific, situations not just our legislature which would take much longer to act on urgent events. Identify each of the constitutional officers included in Arizona’s plural executive in order of succession, as well as the two positions not included in succession. The executive branch of California’s state government is set forth in Article V of the state constitution and is one of the three branches of state government, just like at the federal level. The originalist case for a unitary executive falls apart in an era when many of the powers wielded by the executive branch were not originally supposed to be federal powers in the first place. b. These formal powers reflect a commitment of checks and, balances just like the one in our U.S. Constitution. Accounting for all public monies received and, paid out by him and recommending a budget for the next two years. Describe the offices that constitute the plural, executive in Texas. What are the political principles behind the creation of the plural, Plural Executives exist in several states including Texas where, in contrast to the federal. It has often been claimed that the Texas governor’s greatest political power is the power of appointment. Start studying Texas Govt 2306 Chapter 8 The Executive Branch. Ballotpedia covers 12 state executive offices in the state of Arizona. government, executive officers such as lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller, secretary of state, and others, are elected independently of the state's governor. Article 2, Section 1 of the Texas Constitutiondefines the distribution of powers in the state: "The powers of the Government of the State of Texas shall be divided into three distinct departments, each of which shall be confided to a separate body of magistracy, to wit: Those which are Legislative to one; those which are Executive to another, and those which are Judicial to anot… Arizona has a "plural executive." other elected officials. It placed strict limits on the governor’s ability to control the people appointed to office and created a plural executive. Offices of plural executive: Governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller of public accounts, commissioner of the General Land Office, and, Comparison with executive under U.S. Constitution: Unlike the president of the, United States, the governor has no formal appointive cabinet through which to impose, policy on governmental bureaucracy. Limitations: The plural executive dilutes the governor’s ability to control state government. [1] Many, if, not all of these formal powers were designed exactly as means of checks and balances, even the, special session. How do these powers reflect a commitment to the principle, Legislative powers: Message power; State of the State message; veto power; special, Persuasive power: State of the State address delivered at the beginning of every, legislative session; the governor can outline state priorities and convince others of the, importance of those priorities; this may mobilize interest groups, editorial boards of, newspapers, and opinion leaders; the governor can develop a collaborative. Dan Patrick is the current Texas Lieutenant Governor. In Texas, the governor appoints more than 200 policy-setting boards over state agencies and universities, but the boards appoint the individuals responsible for day-to … C) The complications of running a state as large as Texas necessitate a plural executive. What are the political principles behind the, Defined: Fragmented system of authority under which most statewide, executive. Sec. The major distinction is that the state has a governor and the federal government has a president. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Describe the offices that constitute the plural executive in Texas. The Texas Constitutional Convention of 1875 met in Austin with the purpose of replacing the Constitution of 1869- it was believed that the new constitution should restrict the state government and hand the power back to the people. The Texas Senate can remove nominees from office. Governor weakest in nation: Restrictions were placed on the office by the Constitution of 1876. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Texas utilizes a “plural executive” which means the power of the Governor are limited and distributed amongst other government officials. In Texas, what is the plural executive? Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. How does the plural executive compare with the executive branch of, government under the U.S. Constitution? Estimating of the amounts of, money required that would be raised by taxation. 1876-1974 was 2 yrs, 1974 to present is 4 yrs with no term limit. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Offices of plural executive: Governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller of public accounts, commissioner of the General Land Office, and commissioner of agriculture. What are the political principles behind the creation of the plural executive? Describe the offices that constitute the plural executive in Texas. The plural executive limits the government through the division of power. He was first elected to the office on November 4, 2014, and sworn into office on January 7, 2015. B) There was suspicion of a strong chief executive. constitution. The 1876 Constitution created a plural executive structure in which the governor is but one of several elected officials who share power in the executive branch, limiting the power of the governor. Music Office; Public Safety Office; Regulatory Compliance Division; Small Business; Strike Force to Open Texas; Texas Military Preparedness Commission; Texas Office of State-Federal Relations; Travel … Serving as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. How do these powers reflect a commitment to the principle of checks and balances? Texans elect a Governor, but they also elect a Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Comptroller, Land Commissioner and Agriculture Commissioner. In other words, there is not one government official in Texas that is. The governor also appoints Texans to a wide range of advisory bodies and task forces, that assist him with specific issues. Therefore, executive powers in Texas are spread over numerous positions in what is known as a plural executive. Term of office for governor. Other elected officials head some of the major agencies, and a … Like other states' governors, the governor of Texas … Executive powers: Appointive powers; budgetary power; military and police power; power of clemency; veto power; line-item veto; special sessions. Power independent of each other. What are the political principles behind the creation of the plural executive? Signing or vetoing bills passed by legislature, allows Governor Abbott to check up on each bill that legislature is attempting to approve, and, gives the final say by either a vetoing (NO) or singing (YES). Plural Executives exist in several states including Texas where, in contrast to the federal government, executive officers such as lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller, secretary of state, and others, are elected independently of the state's governor. Convening, special sessions of the Legislature for specific purposes. Describe the offices that constitute the plural executive in, Texas. According to the University of Texas at Austin, a plural executive system of government limits the power of the executive, which could be a president or governor, by distributing power across several elected leaders. The other elected officials are not required to answer to the executive. Appointing qualified Texans to state offices that carry out the laws and, direct the policies of state government. How does this compare with the executive branch of government under the U.S. Constitution? Test 3 Chapters 8-10 .docx - Texas Govt Test 3 Chapters 8-10 1 Describe the most important formal powers of the Texas governor under the, 5 out of 5 people found this document helpful, Describe the most important formal powers of the Texas governor under the, state constitution. OFFICERS CONSTITUTING EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. Texas utilizes this, “plural executive” which means the power of the Governor are limited and distributed amongst, other government officials. 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