In this GCSE Biology video we look at animal cell specialisation. Specialisation in animal cells, specifically muscle, sperm, and nerve cells. Spell. Edit. It has a large number of mitochondria to provide energy for active up take. It communicates with the different systems in order to coordinate performance and to provide the needs of the body. Cell Specialization Once a cell has certain structure and has a specific shape, it’s going to now carry out a specific job or function. a) Palisade cells b) Root hair cells c) Xylem cells d) Red blood cells The diagram shows the process of cell specialization from a single stem cell. Q. A sperm cell is specialised for reproduction. sperm, egg, palisade, ciliated, root hair, nerve, red blood cell. The following are different cells and their adaptations: Sperm Cells (Spermatozoa) There are a number of ways in which a sperm cell is specialised for it's function, these include: 1) The cells are thin and small in order to move more efficiently. In particular, the root hair cell has extended surface for absorption while the sperm cell has a tail-like extension for swimming towards the ovum. Hide Show resource information. 41 terms. Flashcards. This makes sense given that the body of multi-cellular organisms are made up of them but are not all identical. Played 221 times. •Found in the Testes Tail•A sperm is small and hasa long tail that provides • The head containsmovement so it can swim special chemicals whichand find an egg cell. The sperm cell is also suited to its job by having a tail to allow it to swim towards the egg. Cell Specialization/Cell Differentiation. Functions of Organelles: Cytoplasm: It helps keep all of the things inside of the cell together. FREE Biology revision notes on Cell Specialisation. Knowledge application - use what you know about cell specialization to answer a question regarding reproductive cells Additional Learning . Nerve Cell The nerve cell acts as the body’s communication tower, it controls all of the other systems functions. Cell Membrane: It controls what goes into Cells can become specialized to perform a particular function within an organism, usually as part of a larger tissue consisting of many of the same cells working together for example muscle cells. 32 slides covering Cell structure (cell specialisation and cell differentiation). Finish Editing. Solo Practice. PLAY. They were trapped in amber 100 million years ago, have been described as ‘giant,’ and come from a … Helps tell the cell what to do. 1. Gravity. The head contains genetic information and a nucleus and has an enzyme to help penetrate the egg cell membrane to allow fertilisation. Sperm Cell. Xylem cells. Match. Egg. Biology. Practice. Sperm cell•Designed to Head contains enzymes & nucleusFertilise eggs. Cell Specialisation All cells are designed to perform a particular job within an organism, that is, to sustain life. Includes: slide animations, embedded videos and practice questions with answers on slides. This refers to the process by which a cell becomes structurally modified to perform specific functions ; While cells have a basic outline, they become differentiated to perform specific functions. Sperm Cells The function of sperm cells is to fertilize female eggs in order to create new embryos in sexual reproduction. RED BLOOD CELL (ERYTHROCYTE) A red blood cell is a tiny, disc-like cell (biconcave shape) which has no nucleus. Edit. Biology - Cell biology (cell structure) 39 terms. The many mitochondria located in the neck, as well as the large flagellum as a tail, both help them complete their function. It has thick cell walls. Usually, the cell changes to a more specialized type. Although all cells share essential organelles, such as the ER (endoplasmic reticulum), Golgi, mitochondria, and centrosomes, germ cells display unique regulation and behavior of organelles during gametogenesis. We focus on the ovum, sperm, nerve cells (neurones) and muscle cells. Egg cell Similar to the sperm cell, the nucleus of the egg cell is also haploid. The primary function of the sperm is to pass on. Specialisation of Cells The process by which cells specialise from progenitor cells into the enormous variety of cell types that make up the body is termed differentiation. Root hair cell. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. The tail (flagella) of the sperm cell enables it to swim to the ovum and fertilise it. Which of the following statements is true about the process of specialization. Learn. 42 terms. SURVEY . Write. Designed to be fertilised, found in the ovaries. amberxlory. CM_Lott PLUS. Sperm cell function and adaptation. 0.0 / 5. Cell specialization (or modification or differentiation) is actually a process that occurs after cell division where the newly formed cells are structurally modified so that they can perform their function efficiently and effectively. 30 seconds . Root hair cell: It has long hairs to increase surface area of the cell. Sperm cell - found in male reproductive organs: Root hair cell - found in the roots of plants: Nerve cell - found in the nervous system of animals: Muscle cell - found in the the flesh of animals: Xylem and Phloem cells - found in the stem of plants: Examples. 1. answer choices . Designed by the teachers at SAVE MY EXAMS for the AQA GCSE Biology syllabus. SC development and function specialization involve the strict control of the protein (gene) expression program and coordination of diverse cellular processes. Nucleolus: Specifically in charge of telling the cell what to do. nazma-mulla PLUS. Gene expression within the body is controlled by the cells, which determine when a specific gene should or should not be expressed. Specialised cell found on the outside of roots in the epidermis. 8 terms . stem cell. Cell specialisation blog (Week 3) 8/10/2014 0 Comments Choose three different specialised cells and give detailed information on their structure and function. EXAMPLES OF SPECIALIZED CELLS A. 7 of 14. Has a long undulipodium (tail) and many mitochondria for movement. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Cellular differentiation is the process in which a cell changes from one cell type to another. Differentiation occurs numerous times during the development of a multicellular organism as it changes from a simple zygote to a complex system of tissues and cell types. Nucleus: Contains DNA and the Nucleolus. Palisade, ciliated, root hair, nerve cells are designed to perform a particular job within organism! Water up the stem of a plant and into the leaves to increase surface area look how. Surface which greatly increases their surface area of the most crucial adaptations that sperm have evolved is their flagella propel. A sperm cell is also haploid 7 ) which cell is also to! 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