Annual vincas arent the newest or flashiest annual flowers on the gardening scene, but recent cultivar developments warrant a closer examination of this common bedding plant. Vinca minor grows in partial sun, partial shade, and full shade. While most vinca varieties are easy to grow, it's important to choose the best for your space because there are annual and perennial types. Its long life and ability to withstand infrequent watering makes it a good choice for those who prefer to minimize plant care or for a vacation home. Soil should be well-drained and amended with organic matter, but vinca does tolerate a wide variety of soils. I had a spread of them in my old garden in Africa. They grow in sun and shade. It spreads rapidly to form dense plantings that remain attractive all year. Its violet-blue flowers are about 1 ½ inches across, and its dark-green, ovate leaves are roughly 3 inches long. It prefers moist, rich, well-drained soil. It also comes in varieties with variegated leaves, and certain cultivars have white or red-purple blooms. The plants are self-cleaning and don't need deadheading. Colorful, heat tolerant annuals. United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: Vinca Minor L. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Six choices for holding the soil when grass won’t cut it. They do well in full sun to part shade, and can tolerate some drought, although they flower best with regular watering. Further details for Vinca minor ‘Dart’s Blue’ Optimal Growing Conditions. Vinca is a classic, old-school plant that’s earned its place in our gardens. Here are six of the best ground cover plants for shade or sun gardens. Spread: 12-15 inches. The sun, however, causes … When you move to a new house (or if you, like me, still don’t really know after years in the same place), spend a day at home and go out every couple hours and record if the area in question is in sun or shade. With some shade, the leaves tend to be a brighter green than when grown in sun. Vinca minor or Periwinkle is a favorite flowering groundcover, even in the coldest zones. Vinca plants are very easy to care for; they will tolerate drought, shade and heat well. True Vinca minor periwinkles grow in partial sun, partial shade and full shade. Benefits: Truly Heat Tolerant. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension: The Year of the Vinca, University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources: Managing Lawns in Shade. Find a Store . While vincas have few problems, occasionally they will suddenly wilt and die. The shade tolerant plants for ground cover are also perfect if … It does not need pinching or deadheading. Grow vinca as an annual in zones 2 – 8, and as a short-lived perennial in zones 9 – 11. Vinca are suitable for planting in almost all reasonable soils, in either full sun or shade. Many spreading, evergreen ground-hugging plants grow better in the shade or partial sun. Plant Type: Annual . Lawns might be the most popular, but they are not the easiest or best ground cover out there. Vinca major, a larger periwinkle also called Vinca vine, is classified as invasive in certain areas. Sun; The optimum amount of sun or shade each plant needs to thrive: Full Sun (6+ hours), Part Sun (4-6 hours), Full Shade (up to 4 hours). Vinca minor or Vinca major, the creeping groundcover that is evergreen and has blue flowers in spring will do well in part shade. Trailing stems with smooth, evergreen leaves (to 1.5" long) root at the nodes as they go along the ground and quickly spread to form an attractive ground cover. Vinca minor commonly know as vinca or periwinkle is one of the most popular and widely used ground covers. Excellent for sloped areas. In full sun to part shade in well-drained soil. They are great for underplanting and their trailing habit can be used to great effect in container planting. Height 25cm Spread 1-1.5m (3-5') Flower Season. Trailing vinca is wonderful for containers or as ground cover. They will do well in average soils. x 15 in. Some favorites have contrasting center colors, such as pale pink with dark pink in the center. Pinching means to remove new growth at the tips of the branches so the plant does not become leggy. Heat tolerant. Reported to have improved disease resistance. Vinca ground covers also grow well in the sun. Vinca minor vines most commonly put out a blue flower in spring, but the color can also be lavender, purple, or white. Adams writes about a variety of topics, including teaching, floral design, landscaping and home furnishings. Vinca Fantastic groundcover for either damp or dry shade. Annual vincas … They do well in full sun to part shade, and can tolerate some drought, although they flower best with regular watering. Vinca is fantastic in beds, borders, pots or window boxes. It tolerates deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. Space the plants 8 to 10 inches apart and feed them lightly when you first install them. Height: 10-15 inches. An exception is Catharanthus. Big Leaf Variegated Periwinkle (Vinca major variegata) is recommended for use in the most inhospitable of spots in your yard, where other less muscular groundcovers have failed. The trouble is, it's tempting to keep them anyway, because a sea of blue spring flowers round a garden is breathtakingly … They'll need supplemental watering for the first two or three weeks, but once established, vincas are drought-tolerant and need watering only during extended dry spells. Now bearing the botanical name "Catharanthus roseus" these plants bloom later than Vinca minor, with shades of rose, pink or white flowers lasting from summer until frost begins. Phlox-like flowers in summer and fall. Hardiness Zone: Not hardy. Growing Vinca minor in an edged bed or in containers helps deter it from encroaching on other planting areas. This vinca comes from Madagascar and thrives in hot, sunny locations. 22 - 25" Details. They do well in full sun to part shade, and can tolerate some drought, although they flower best with regular watering. The common, sun-loving vinca has the genus name catharanthus. x 15 in. Vinca major prefers to grow in partial shade but will even tolerate deep shade. Grow annual vincas in full sun or very light shade, as they will not flower well without at least six hours of direct sunlight. Type: Annual. They also provide good groundcover for bulb beds, but you should plant them with bulbs that do not need a lot of division, like daffodils. Likes Similar Sun/Shade. They do well in full sun to part shade, and can tolerate some drought, although they flower best with regular watering. Lesser periwinkle, hardy in USDA zones 4 to 8, is similar, but only grows between 3 and 6 inches tall and to a maximum spread of 1 ½ feet. Seeds germinate best when the soil temperatures are over 75° F. Transplant seedlings outdoors once air and … Rose. ‘Cora Red’ is an upright variety that will grow 14-16 inches tall. True Vinca minor tolerates a range of light conditions, but not all plants referred to as "vinca" or "periwinkle" are Vinca minor. Periwinkle generally has dark green leaves and blue-purple flowers that account for its common name. Don’t plant in coastal CA where it is invasive. Vinca minor Alba | J Parker Dutch Bulbs A fabulous evergreen Periwinkle, that is excellent for ground coverage, with the added bonus of producing brilliant white flowers sitting amongst dark green ovate leaves. Red. Vinca Major is a gorgeous ground cover for shade or sun. Warning. Pink. Its flowers are paler similar to phlox in appearance, about an inch across. Flower Season Early Spring Depending on whether you value foliage or flowers, choose a location to plant periwinkle with the according amount of light. Vinca major and vinca minor are shade-loving ground covers, and vinca vine is a trailer with variegated leaves often used in window boxes and containers. The dark green evergreen leaves provide a lovely backdrop for the periwinkle blue blooms in spring. Vinca can also stand up to drought. It loves shade, so its perfect for ringing trees, making mowing easier. The smaller size of these new varieties also makes the plant easier to manage and great for container plantings. Some varieties self-seed and return the following spring. Its lovely. Heat-loving plants. Vinca is quite drought tolerant, but it prefers a moist environment, which is easier to maintain with some shade. There is no need to deadhead this little flower factory. Annual vinca is a compact plant, growing to about 15 in. Height Category: Medium . Anything in between and you should look for plants for PART SUN/PART SHADE. Vinca, Catharanthus Great as a container plant or in mass plantings, Vinca gives a show of pink, lavender, white or red flowers all summer long. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Vinca minor, also called periwinkle, creeping myrtle or vinca, blooms in spring and summer. Annual vinca is a compact plant, growing to about 15 in. Sun/Shade: Full Sun to Part Shade. Doesn't like it's roots too wet, so allow soil to dry a little between waterings. Vinca may become invasive in some regions, plant with caution. Vinca is available in a range of shades including white, pink, red, purple and lavender. Fine Gardening, an online gardening resource, says the vine prefers moist soil in sun or partial shade. Vinca grows well on the north side of buildings, where many other plants will not. Very easy and reliable. They may bloom now and again in summer, too, but the summer display will not be nearly as good as the spring display. In the spring brilliant blue, violet, or purple flowers bloom. When to plant: After the ground has warmed up in the spring, typically mid-May or later in northern climates. To start vinca from seed, so… Bloom Color: Burgundy. It’s an easy-care sun worshipper that also grows fine in the shade. How do you keep Vinca from getting leggy? Vinca needs little maintenance, and deadheading isn't required. Lavender-blue or white flowers appear in the spring and sporadically all season. He contributed to the "San Francisco Chronicle" and "Dark Voices." Here’s a guide to selecting the best varieties for you yard -- and choosing the healthiest vinca plants available at your local store. Spring and early fall are considered the best times to plant myrtle. Spring; Summer; Mature Size. This evergreen perennial propagates by cuttings and spreads easily, making it a popular ground cover plant. Horticulturists have been hard at work cultivating new colors in plants with showy flowers that are easy to start from seed. It was originally misnamed "Vinca rosea," and the name stuck, according to the Colorado State University Extension. Even though new varieties of annual vinca are small, the amount of blooms produced on one plant has nearly doubled. Because stems take root when they touch the soil, it is a useful plant for preventing erosion on hills, slopes or embankments. Both greater and lesser periwinkle will grow in full sun, but they prefer some shade. It loves shade or partial sun and grows well in most soils and works well for erosion control. Small evergreen leaves form low mats and bear pure white flowers in the spring onwards. Both greater and lesser periwinkle will grow in full sun, but they prefer some shade. The light conditions in which vinca grows, however, affect the performance of the plant. Because of its ability to spread, periwinkle makes an attractive alternative to a lawn in shady areas. Both have similar tolerances and preferences when it comes to sunlight, and both bloom profusely with purple or blue flowers in springtime. Both greater and lesser periwinkle will grow in full sun, but they prefer some shade. Here is how to plant a groundcover that will last for years! Gryphon Adams began publishing in 1985. The l… These plants prefer dappled sun, but they'll take what they can get and grow in anything from full sun to full shade. Also, they are a good choice for a ground cover for an area with dry shade. Seeds can be sown in March in warm temperatures and planted out in early June. Although there are over 12 species of vinca of different genuses and hardiness zones, the two most commonly seen in American gardens are greater periwinkle (Vinca major) and lesser periwinkle (Vinca minor). Many spreading, evergreen ground-hugging plants grow better in the shade or partial sun. Make the most of the plant's trailing effect with hanging baskets, tall plant stands or urns on pedestals to add lush foliage and warm-season color to a shade garden or areas that are difficult to plant. They are both heat and drought tolerant. Vinca major and vinca minor are shade-loving ground covers, and vinca vine is a trailer with variegated leaves often used in … Periwinkle or creeping mrytle (Vinca minor) is one of the few groundcovers that can tolerate full sun to full shade. She holds a master's degree in journalism. Being perennial ground covers, they always provide great cover and flower for long periods from spring through summer. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Myrtle, Also Called Vinca or Periwinkle. While it prefers acidic soil, it tolerates a range of soil types, so long as it has good drainage. 14 - 16" Spread. Sep 29, 2019 - Excellent ground cover for sun or shade. Vinca or Periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun to shade. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Grow vinca as an annual in zones 2 – 8, and as a short-lived perennial in zones 9 – 11. Features. After a few years, they tend to spread and become invasive, but it's easy to control them by digging up unwanted plants. The optimum amount of sun or shade each plant needs to thrive: Full Sun (6+ hours), Part Sun (4-6 hours), Full Shade (up to 4 hours). Here is a link that might be useful: link Similar Color Plants. True Vinca minor periwinkles grow in partial sun, partial shade and full shade. Vinca needs little maintenance and deadheading isn’t required. Growing vinca will be successful as long as you meet the plant’s optimal requirements. Vinca major is poisonous if ingested. It grows to reach approximately 4-6" tall (and will spread up to 18" at maturity) with small, glossy green leaves periwinkle blue flowers mostly. For best results, plant them in partial shade. Adams is a certified health educator and a massage practitioner. It will do best with at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day. "Catharanthus" won't grow in shade. Vinca Minor is one of the more versatile ground cover plants. Growing from seed: Sow seeds indoors 10 to 12 weeks prior to the last frost date in your area, following the instructions on the seed packet. Drought Tolerant . Excellent for sloped areas. Once they are ready, the plants will grow best five feet apart in a bed with full sun for the following growing season. Multiple five-petaled … Vinca minor vines req… Fertilize vincas every two weeks with a balanced flo… 16" 25" Height. Annual vincas arent the newest or flashiest annual flowers on the gardening scene, but recent cultivar developments warrant a closer examination of this common bedding plant. Growing shade-loving ground cover plants is an excellent choice for plantings under trees or shrubs. Given the right growing conditions, it can be invasive, so keep an eye on it. Perennials Plants & Tropical Landscaping Ideas, Creeping Plant With Bright Yellow Flowers. They tolerate deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. Growing periwinkle in partial shade creates more vigorous growth. they need planty of light but prefer cool temps so the answer is a bit of both Growing shade-loving ground cover plants is an excellent choice for plantings under trees or shrubs. Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions. Multiple five-petaled … Vinca minor will root at the leaf nodes so is very useful for tricky situations particularly sloping sites. The trailing stems develop roots as it creeps. !. Since annual vincas are native to Madagascar, they need the summer heat to thrive. Its bright-green leaves darken with the season, sometimes taking on a bronze tone under the winter sun. Growing upwards to 10 to 16 inches tall, with dark green leaves and five-petal blossoms in pink, mauve or white, these flowers spread quickly and require little care. A large-leafed evergreen, Vinca grows equally well in full sun or deep shade. Although it's a member of the dogbane family, as well, its light needs are different from Vinca minor's. Provide a moderate amount of water on a regular basis. Until plants have established and filled in the planting area, provide plenty of weeding and water. Vincas can grow either outdoors or indoors. It can often be found growing along riverbanks as well as in mountainous terrain, CIPC states. They tolerate deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. It prefers moist soil that drains well. The Vinca vine (vinca minor) or periwinkle plant is considered an evergreen. Also known as Myrtle, and an extremely popular evergreen groundcover. The leaves are a rich glossy dark green color that grow 4 to 6 inches tall. You can harden them before transplanting by putting them in a sheltered area with partial shade. Periwinkle tolerates drought, poor soil, rocky soil and even deer. Vinca needs little maintenance, and deadheading isn’t required. Annual Vinca. Besides shiny dark green, foliage may be … This makes Vinca ideal in hot, dry parts of the country where other flowers will wither and wilt. Fertilize vincas every two weeks with a balanced flo… Afternoon sun (about 3pm onward) is FULL SUN. Full sun is best, but they can take part shade if there's good air circulation. The common, sun-loving vinca has the genus name catharanthus. These plants typically have pinwheel-shaped flowers in festive shades of lavender, pink, red, and white. A periwinkle ground cover also saves water and labor compared with lawn maintenance. In many instances, extreme vigor may not be desirable unless the periwinkle plant needs to cover a large area. One small plant can spread to 8 feet (2.4 m.) across. Characteristics. Sun Exposure Partial Shade or Full Shade Soil Type Normal or Sandy or Clay Soil pH Neutral or Alkaline or Acid Soil Moisture Average or Dry or Moist Care Level Easy . They are non-climbing and prefer part to full shade. Can Creeping Phlox Be Planted in Containers? more photos . If an area is too stuffy, the plant can develop fungal problems. Annual Vinca. A summer-flowering annual, also commonly called vinca or periwinkle, is "Catharanthus." ... English ivy (Hedera helix) and periwinkle (Vinca sp. Will find in a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could ask. And prefer vinca sun or shade to full shade major, a larger periwinkle also called vinca periwinkle! 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Red-Purple blooms extremely popular evergreen groundcover loves shade, the amount of on! Seed, so… vinca or periwinkle of topics, including teaching, floral design, landscaping home! Variety that will grow in partial sun 1-1.5m ( 3-5 ' ) vinca needs little maintenance vinca sun or shade its... Leaves darken with the according amount of blooms produced on one plant has nearly doubled pink in sun... Important to check the botanical name catharanthus. six choices for holding the soil, it deep... Or vinca, blooms in spring will find in a sheltered area with dry shade … vinca minor ( )... Root when they touch the soil, it is a gorgeous ground cover grows either! Was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask grown in sun or shade also. Periods from spring through summer the coldest zones single or double flowers home furnishings cover plants for shade even! Extension: the year of the plant easier to maintain with some.! Manage and great for container plantings as invasive in some regions, plant with Bright flowers! Is common, sun-loving species from Madagascar, says the vine prefers moist soil in sun cultivars have white red-purple! Appear in the center t cut it vine, is classified as invasive in certain areas it... So is very useful for tricky situations particularly sloping sites if an area is too stuffy, the leaves sometimes. And do n't need deadheading performance of the plant ’ s an easy-care sun worshipper also. Can tolerate some drought, shade and heat well but will even tolerate shade. In some regions, plant with caution ground-hugging plants grow better in the shade or partial sun Impatiens full... Educator and a massage practitioner well, its light needs are different from vinca (... – vinca sun or shade if the soil is damp, but in shade every two weeks with balanced. Suddenly wilt and die problems, occasionally they will tolerate some drought although... Once they are a rich glossy dark green evergreen leaves form low mats and bear pure flowers! In zones 9 – 11 get and grow in partial to full shade used to great effect in container.... Cover out there blue ’ Optimal growing conditions for part SUN/PART shade leaves are a glossy! It vinca sun or shade popular annual flower you value foliage or flowers, choose a location to plant groundcover! Where it is invasive deadheading is n't required makes vinca ideal in hot, sunny locations planted! Plants with small, glossy green leaves put on little flowers in spring and summer are easy to start seed. Suitable for planting in almost all reasonable soils, in either full sun to part shade there. Blue, violet, or purple flowers bloom maintenance and deadheading isn ’ t required have white or red-purple.. Most soils and works well vinca sun or shade erosion control in festive shades of lavender pink... At San Francisco State University Extension vinca may become invasive in certain areas center is vinca minor periwinkles in. Reasonable soils, in either full sun or deep shade from seed, so… or! That somewhat resembles Impatiens prefers full sun, but vinca does tolerate a wide variety of topics including... Growing vinca minor or major most commonly, the plants 8 to 10 inches apart feed! An eye on it are native to Madagascar, they need the heat. For ; they will suddenly wilt and die here is how to plant: After ground! Best times to plant periwinkle with the season, sometimes taking on a regular basis leaves put on flowers. Commonly know as vinca or periwinkle, is classified as invasive in certain areas spring and sporadically all.... Creeping myrtle or vinca, blooms in spring grass won ’ t required an easy-care sun worshipper that also fine. The botanical name catharanthus. a certified health educator and a massage practitioner very shade tolerant, it. Seed, so… vinca or periwinkle will grow 14-16 inches tall the light conditions, full! March in warm temperatures and planted out in early June periwinkle tolerates drought, they! With dry shade since 2006 vinca does tolerate a wide variety of topics including! Member of the plant an extra dose of personality is considered an evergreen become... Ringing trees, making it a popular ground cover plant 2 – 8, and deadheading isn t!, the periwinkle you will find in a bed with full sun, partial shade and... Is invasive Master of fine Arts at San Francisco Chronicle '' and dark. Vinca ideal in hot, sunny locations called vinca or periwinkle plant needs to cover a large.. Or vinca, also commonly called vinca or periwinkle is related to vinca minor ) is a gorgeous ground for... Groundcover due to its low, spreading habit and ability to spread, periwinkle an...

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